EN 1.0038 Steel S235JR Material Equivalent, Properties, Composition


EN 10025 S235JR Material (1.0038 Steel)

EN 10025 S235JR material (1.0038 steel) is an European standard hot rolled non-alloy structural steel. It has good plasticity, toughness and weldability, moderate strength and good cold bending properties.

Material S235JR meaning (designation):

  • “S” is for Structural Steel;
  • “235” represents the minimum yield strength (MPa) for the steel thickness ≤ 16mm;
  • “JR” indicates the quality grade related to Charpy impact test energy value ≥ 27 J at room temperature (20 °C);
  • “C” indicates the material is suitable for cold flanging, cold bending, cold forming or cold drawing, e.g. S235JRC (1.0122).
  • 1.0038 is the steel number of this material.

Carbon steel S235JR general delivery conditions are as follows:

  • +AR means “As-Rolled” and delivery condition without special rolling and/or heat treatment.
  • +N is short for “Normalized or normalized formed”
  • +M represents “Thermal Mechanical Control Processing – TMCP”
  • +C is the “Cold work hardened”
  • +A indicates that the material is in the soft annealed condition.
  • +AT means that the steel is in the solution annealed condition.
  • More designation & meaning of European steel names

Example 1: When the delivery condition is as-rolled or normalized, the steel name is given as S235JR+AR (1.0038+AR) or S235JR+N (1.0038+N).

Example 2: S235JRC steel means the material is suitable for cold flanging, cold bending, cold forming or cold drawing.

Example 3: If S235JRC steel is delivered in the condition of cold work hardened, it’s named as S235JRC+C (1.0122+C).

Material 1.0038 Datasheet & Specification

The following tables and lists show S235JR datasheet and specification including chemical composition, mechanical properties and physical properties, etc.

Chemical Composition of S235JR Material (EN 1.0038 Steel)

The following table shows (1.0038) S235JR chemical composition based on ladle analysis.

Chemical Composition (ladle analysis) %, ≤
Standard Material Steel Grade (Steel Number) C Si Mn P S Cu N
EN 10025-2 S235 steel S235JR (1.0038) 0.17 1.40 0.035 0.035 0.55 0.012
S235J0 (1.0114) 0.17 1.40 0.030 0.030 0.55 0.012
S235J2 (1.0117) 0.17 1.40 0.025 0.025 0.55

Physical Properties of S235JR Steel (1.0038 Material)

  • Material density: 7.85g/cm3 (0.284 lb/in3)
  • Melting point: 1420-1460 °C (2590-2660 °F)

S235JR Steel (1.0038 Material) Mechanical Properties

The yield strength, tensile strength, elongation, and Charpy impact test are listed in the following data sheet.

  • EN 1.0038 material Brinell hardness: ≤120 HBW
  • Charpy impact value: ≥ 27J, at room temperature 20 °C.

Yield Strength

Yield Strength (≥ N/mm2); Dia. (d) mm
Steel Series Steel Grade (Material Number) d≤16 16< d ≤40 40< d ≤100 100< d ≤150 150< d ≤200 200< d ≤250
S235 S235JR (1.0038) 235 225 215 195 185 175

Tensile Strength

Tensile Strength (≥ N/mm2)
Steel Series Steel Grade (Material Number) d<3 3 ≤ d ≤ 100 100 < d ≤ 150 150 < d ≤ 250
S235 S235JR (1.0038) 360-510 360-510 350-500 340-490

1MPa = 1N/mm2


Elongation (≥%); Thickness (d) mm
Steel Series Steel Grade 3≤ d≤40 40< d ≤63 63< d ≤100 100 < d ≤ 150 150 < d ≤ 250
S235 S235JR 26 25 24 22 21


EN 1.0038 material can be made into many steel products, such as H beam, I beam, steel channel, steel plate, steel angle, steel pipe, wire rods, and nails, etc. and these products are widely used in general requirements for welded structures and parts such as bridges, transmission towers, boilers, steel structure factories, shopping centers and other buildings, etc.

Equivalent Grade

EN 1.0038 material S235JRG2 or S235JR steel equivalent US ASTM AISI SAE, European EN (German DIN, British BSI, France NF…), ISO, Japanese JIS, Chinese GB, and Indian standard. (For reference)

EN 1.0038, S235JR steel equivalent grade
European Union US Germany Japan China India ISO
Standard Steel name (Steel number) Standard Grade Standard Steel name Standard Grade Standard Grade Standard Grade Standard Grade
EN 10025-2 S235JR (1.0038);
ASTM A283/A283M
Grade D
DIN 17100 St37, RSt 37-2, Ust 37-2 JIS G3101;
JIS G3106
GB/T 700 Q235B, Q235C IS 2062 E250A ISO 630-2 S235B
EN 10025-2 S235J0 (1.0114) ASTM A36;
ASTM A283/A238M;
ASTM A573/A573M
Grade D
Grade 58
DIN 17100 St 37-3 U JIS G3106 SM400A,
GB/T 700 Q235C;
IS 2062 E250 ISO 630-2 S235C
EN 10025-2 S235J2 (1.0114);
Grade D
JIS G3106 SM400A GB/T 700 Q235D IS 2062 E250 ISO 630-2 S235D

Note: S235JRG2 is the former designation, and has been discarded and covered by S235JR in EN 10025-2 since 2004.

  1. Kotresh says

    What is the equivalent material S235 for Indian standard

  2. Leela says

    Hello can you please tell me S235JRC’s optical properties. i need emissivity or absorbtivity

  3. Gaetan Hughes says

    Good day World Material,

    Can you please advise the equivalent material S235JR for Australian Standard ie: 250 or 350 Grade plate

    1. World Material says

      Hi, it’s chemical composition and properties are closer to 250 grade steel plate in Australian & New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 3678: 2016 (Structural steel – Hot-rolled plates, floor plates and slabs), but material S235JR is non-alloy structural steel and doesn’t contain Al, Cr, Ni, Mo, and Ti.
      And also closer to grade 250 in AS/NZS 3679.1 :1996 (Structural steel Part 1: Hot-rolled bars and sections), but grade 250 has been removed since 2010.

  4. Prabhu Ravichandran says

    What is the equivalent Grade in Indian Standard for this Material Grade – EN10025-2 S235JR + AR
    And also wat is this AR means ???

    Someone do your needful

    1. Jawad K A says

      You can use IS 2062 E250 or ASTM A36 which are readily available in Indian Market.
      AR means As Rolled.

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