EN 1.0038 Steel S235JR Material Equivalent, Properties, Composition

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S235JR Material Introduction

EN 10025 S235JR material (1.0038 steel) is an European standard hot rolled non-alloy structural steel grade. It has good plasticity, toughness and weldability, certain strength and good cold bending properties. For specification, datasheet and equivalent, please see the following tables.

Material S235JR meaning (designation):

  • “S” is short for structural steel;
  • “235” refers to the minimum yield strength (MPa) for the steel thickness ≤ 16mm;
  • “JR” indicates the quality grade related to charpy impact test energy value ≥ 27 J, at room temperature 20℃;
  • “C” means the material is suitable for cold flanging, cold bending, cold forming or cold drawing, e.g. S235JRC (1.0122).
  • 1.0038 is the steel number of this steel.

Carbon steel S235JR general delivery conditions are as follows:

  • +AR means “as-rolled” and delivery condition without special rolling and/or heat treatment.
  • +N stands for “normalized or normalized formed”
  • +M refers to “thermomechanically formed – TMCP”
  • +C is the “cold work hardened”
  • +A means that the mateiral is in the soft annealed condition.
  • +AT means that the steel is in the solution annealed condition.

Example 1: When the delivery condition is as-rolled or normalized, the steel name is given as S235JR+AR (1.0038+AR) or S235JR+N (1.0038+N).

Example 2: S235JRC steel means the material is suitable for cold flanging, cold bending, cold forming or cold drawing.

Example 3: If S235JRC steel is delivered in the condition of cold work hardened, it’s named as S235JRC+C (1.0122+C).

Material 1.0038 Datasheet & Specification

The following tables and lists show S235JR datasheet and specification including chemical composition, mechanical properties and physical properties, etc. The data sheet of DIN EN 10025-2 is the same as BS EN 10025-2 and other EU member states’.

Chemical Composition of S235JR Material (EN 1.0038 Steel)

The following table shows (1.0038) S235JR chemical composition based on ladle analysis.

Chemical Composition (ladle analysis) %, ≤
StandardGradeSteel Grade (Steel Number)CSiMnPSCuN
EN 10025-2S235 steelS235JR (1.0038)0.171.400.0350.0350.550.012
S235J0 (1.0114)0.171.400.0300.0300.550.012
S235J2 (1.0117)0.171.400.0250.0250.55

Physical Properties of S235JR Steel (1.0038 Material)

  • Material density: 7.85g/cm3
  • Melting point: 1420-1460 °C (2590-2660 °F)

S235JR Steel (1.0038 Material) Mechanical Properties

The yield strength, tensile strength, elongation, and Charpy impact test are listed in the following data sheet.

  • EN 1.0038 material Brinell hardness: ≤120 HBW
  • Charpy impact value: ≥ 27J, at room temperature 20 ℃.

Yield Strength

Yield Strength (≥ N/mm2); Dia. (d) mm
Steel SeriesSteel Grade (Material Number)d≤1616< d ≤4040< d ≤100100< d ≤150150< d ≤200200< d ≤250
S235S235JR (1.0038)235225215195185175

Tensile Strength

Tensile Strength (≥ N/mm2)
Steel SeriesSteel Grade (Material Number)d<33 ≤ d ≤ 100100 < d ≤ 150150 < d ≤ 250
S235S235JR (1.0038)360-510360-510350-500340-490

1MPa = 1N/mm2


Elongation (≥%); Thickness (d) mm
Steel SeriesSteel Grade3≤ d≤4040< d ≤6363< d ≤100100 < d ≤ 150150 < d ≤ 250


EN 1.0038 material can be made into many steel products, such as H beam, I beam, steel channel, steel plate, steel angle, steel pipe, wire rods, and nails, etc. and these products are widely used in general requirements for welded structures and parts such as bridges, transmission towers, boilers, steel structure factories, shopping centers and other buildings, etc.

Equivalent Grade

EN 1.0038 material S235JRG2 or S235JR steel equivalent to US ASTM AISI SAE, European EN (German DIN, British BSI, France NF…), ISO, Japanese JIS, Chinese GB, and Indian standard. (For reference)

Notes: S235JRG2 is the former designation, and has been discarded and covered by S235JR in EN 10025-2 since 2004.

EN 1.0038, S235JR steel equivalent grade
European UnionUSGermanyJapanChinaIndiaISO
StandardSteel name (Stee number)StandardGradeStandardSteel nameStandardGradeStandardGradeStandardGradeStandardGrade
EN 10025-2S235JR (1.0038);
ASTM A283/A283M
Grade D
DIN 17100St37, RSt 37-2, Ust 37-2JIS G3101;
JIS G3106
GB/T 700Q235B, Q235CIS 2062E250AISO 630-2S235B
EN 10025-2S235J0 (1.0114)ASTM A36;
ASTM A283/A238M;
ASTM A573/A573M
Grade D
Grade 58
DIN 17100St 37-3 UJIS G3106SM400A,
GB/T 700Q235C;
IS 2062E250ISO 630-2S235C
EN 10025-2S235J2 (1.0114);
Grade D
JIS G3106SM400AGB/T 700Q235DIS 2062E250ISO 630-2S235D

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  1. Kotresh says

    What is the equivalent material S235 for Indian standard

  2. Leela says

    Hello can you please tell me S235JRC’s optical properties. i need emissivity or absorbtivity

  3. Gaetan Hughes says

    Good day World Material,

    Can you please advise the equivalent material S235JR for Australian Standard ie: 250 or 350 Grade plate

    1. World Material says

      Hi, it’s chemical composition and properties are closer to 250 grade steel plate in Australian & New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 3678: 2016 (Structural steel – Hot-rolled plates, floor plates and slabs), but material S235JR is non-alloy structural steel and doesn’t contain Al, Cr, Ni, Mo, and Ti.
      And also closer to grade 250 in AS/NZS 3679.1 :1996 (Structural steel Part 1: Hot-rolled bars and sections), but grade 250 has been removed since 2010.

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