5052 Aluminum Properties, Alloy 5052H32 Aluminum Sheet, Tube, Yield Strength, Density

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5052 Aluminum, Alloy 5052H32 H34 Aluminum Sheet and Tube

5052 aluminum is an Al-Mg series aluminum alloy with medium strength, high fatigue strength and good plasticity, and is the most widely used anti-rust material. The role of chromium (Cr) in this alloy is similar to that of manganese (Mn), which improves the resistance to stress corrosion cracking, improves the strength of the base metal and the weld seam, and reduces the tendency of welding cracks. The main temper designs include Al 5052-H32, H34, H36, H38, O, etc. Sheet, plate and tube are the most popular products on the market. 5xxx series aluminium alloys are also called “marine grade aluminum”, and they have high corrosion resistance even in salty environments.

Magnesium and chromium are the main alloying elements in 5052 aluminium. This material cannot be strengthened by heat treatment but can be hardened by cold work. It has good plasticity during semi-cold work hardening, and low plasticity during cold work hardening; Machinability is not good.

The abbreviations AA5052 and Al-5052 in this article are the same material.

5052 Aluminum Properties

The following tables summarize 5052 aluminum properties and specifications including chemical composition, physical properties and mechanical properties, hardness, machinability, etc.

Chemical Composition

Al 5052 chemical composition is given in the table below.

5052 Aluminum Chemical Composition, %
Standard ANSI Alloy (UNS) Si, ≤ Fe, ≤ Cu, ≤ Mn, ≤ Mg Cr Zn, ≤ Other Elements, Each (Total), ≤ Al
ASTM B209,
ASTM B210,
ASTM B211,
ASTM B221,
AMSQQA250/8,
AMSWWT700/4
5052 (UNS A95052) 0.25 0.40 0.10 0.10 2.2-2.8 0.15-0.35 0.10 0.05 (0.15) Remainder

Notes (standards of 5052 aluminum alloy):

  • ASTM B209, AMSQQA250/8: Aluminium and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate.
  • ASTM B210, AMSWWT700/4: Drawn Seamless Tubes.
  • ASTM B211: Rolled or Cold Finished Bar, Rod, and Wire.
  • ASTM B221: Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Profiles and Tubes.

Al 5052 Physical Properties

AA5052 physical properties are given in the following lists, including aluminum density, melting point, coefficient of thermal expansion, elastic modulus, thermal conductivity, specific heat capacity electrical conductivity, and electrical resistance.

Notes:

  • 10-6·K-1 = 10-6/K = 1 μm/m·°C
  • 1 Ω·mm²/m = 1 μΩ·m
  • 1 g/cm3 = 1 kg/dm3 = 1000 kg/m3
  • 1 GPa = 1 kN/mm2
  • 1 MPa = 1 N/mm2
  • MS/m = 0.58⋅% IACS
  • 1 cal/(g.C) = 1 Btu/(lb. F)
Physical Properties
Alloy Density, g/cm3 (lb/in.3) Specific gravity Melting point, °C (°F) Specific heat capacity, J/kg·K (Btu/lb ·°F) Coefficient of thermal expansion, 10-6/K (μin./in. ·°F) Thermal diffusivity, mm2/s Thermal conductivity, W/m·°C (Btu∙in/h∙ft2∙°F) Electrical conductivity, Equal volume (Equal weight), % IACS Electrical conductivity, Equal volume (Equal weight), MS/m Electrical resistivity, Ω·mm2/m (Ω·circ mil/ft)
5052 2.68 (0.097) 2.68 605-650 (1125-1200) 963 (0.23) at 20 °C (68 °F) 23.75 (13.2)  at 20-100 °C (68-212 °F) 54 138 (960) at 25 °C (77 °F) 35 (116) at 20 °C (68 °F) 20 (67) at 20 °C (68 °F) 0.050 (30) at 20 °C (68 °F)

Notes: The melting temperature range shown applies to wrought products with a thickness of 63.5 mm (1/4 inch) or greater.

Aluminum 5052 H32 Mechanical Properties

Marine grade aluminum 5052 H32 mechanical properties are listed in the following tables including yield strength (yield stress), ultimate tensile strength, shear strength, modulus of elasticity, young’s modulus, etc.

There are no tensile requirements for materials in the “F” temper, but it is generally expected that materials with a thickness or diameter of 1 1/2 inches or less (except for sections with a width of more than 4 inches) will have a strength approximately equivalent to H14 or an H34 temper. As the size increases, the intensity decreases to close to that of the O temper.

AA 5052 Sheet & Plate Mechanical Properties
Standard Aluminum Alloy and Temper Specified Thickness, in. Tensile Strength, ksi, (Min-Max, unless otherwise specified) Yield Strength (0.2 % offset), ksi, ≥ (unless otherwise specified) Elongation in 2 in. or 4xDiameter, ≤, % Bend Diameter Factor, N
ASTM B209;
AMSQQA250/8
5052-O 0.006-0.007 25-31 9.5 0
0.008-0.012 14 0
0.013-0.019 15 0
0.020-0.031 16 0
0.032-0.050 18 0
0.051-0.113 19 0
0.114-0.249 20 0
0.250-3.000 18
5052-H141 0.090-0.174 ≥ 35 24.0 6
0.175-0.300 ≥ 34 24.0 8
5052-H32 or H22 0.017-0.019 31-38 23.0 4 0
0.020-0.050 5 1
0.051-0.113 7 2
0.114-0.249 9 3
0.250-0.499 11
0.500-2.000 12
5052-H34 or H24 0.009-0.019 34-41 26.0 3 1
0.020-0.050 4 2
0.051-0.113 6 3
0.114-0.249 7 4
0.250-1.000 10
5052-H36 or H26 0.006-0.007 37-44 29 2 4
0.008-0.031 3 4
0.032-0.162 4 5
5052 H38 or H28 0.006-0.007 ≥ 39 32.0 2
0.008-0.031 3
0.032-0.128 4
5052-H112 0.250-0.499 ≥ 28 16 7
0.500-2.000 ≥ 25 9.5 12
2.001-3.000 ≥ 25 9.5 16
5052-H322 0.020-0.050 31-35 21 5
0.051-0.113 7
0.114-0.125 9
5052-F 0.250-3.000 not required
Mechanical Properties – Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes
Standard Aluminum Alloy and Temper Specified Diameter or Thickness, in. Area, in2 Tensile Strength, ksi Yield Strength (0.2 % offset), ksi, ≥ Elongation in 2 in. or 4xDiameter, ≤, %
ASTM B221 5052-O all all 25-35 10.0
Alloy 5052 Mechanical Properties – Drawn Seamless Tubes
Standard Aluminum Alloy and Temper Specified Diameter or Thickness, in. Tensile Strength, ksi, ≥ (unless otherwise specified) Yield Strength (0.2 % offset), ksi, ≥
ASTM B210;
AMSWWT700/4
5052-O 0.010-0.450 25-35 10.0
5052-H32 31.0 23.0
5052-H34 34 26
5052-H36 37 29
5052-H38 39 24
Mechanical Properties – Rolled or Cold Finished Bar, Rod, and Wire
Standard Aluminum Alloy and Temper Specified Diameter or Thickness, in. Tensile Strength, ksi, ≥ (unless otherwise specified) Yield Strength (0.2 % offset), ksi, ≥ (unless otherwise specified) Elongation in 2 in. or 4xDiameter, ≤, %
ASTM B211 5052-O ≤0.124 ≤32
≥0.125 9.5 25
5052-H32 ≤ 0.124 31
0.125-0.374 31 23
5052-H34 ≤0.374 34 26
5052-H36 ≤ 0.124 37
0.125-0.374 37 29
5052-H38 ≤0.374 39
5052-F all C
Typical Mechanical Properties at Various Temperatures
Alloy and temper Temperature, °C (°F) Ultimate tensile strength, MPa (ksi) 0.2% offset yield strength Elongation in 50 mm (2 in.), %,
5052-O -195 (-320) 303 (44) 110 (16) 46
-80 (-112) 200 (29) 90 (13) 35
-30 (-18) 193 (28) 90 (13) 32
25 (75) 193 (28) 90 (13) 30
100 (212) 193 (28) 90 (13) 36
150 (300) 160 (23) 90 (13) 50
205 (400) 117 (17) 75 (11) 60
260 (500) 83 (12) 52 (7.5) 80
315 (600) 52 (7.5) 38 (5.5) 110
370 (700) 35 (5) 21 (3.1) 130
5052-H34 -195 (-320) 380 (55) 248 (36) 28
-80 (-112) 270 (40) 220 (32) 21
-30 (-18) 262 (38) 215 (31) 18
25 (75) 262 (38) 215 (31) 16
100 (212) 262 (38) 215 (31) 18
150 (300) 207 (30) 185 (27) 27
205 (400) 165 (24) 103 (15) 45
260 (500) 83 (12) 52 (7.5) 80
315 (600) 52 (7.5) 38 (5.5) 110
370 (700) 35 (5) 21 (3.1) 130
5052-H38 -195 (-320) 415 (60) 303 (44) 25
-80 (-112) 303 (44) 262 (38) 18
-30 (-18) 290 (42) 255 (37) 15
25 (75) 290 (42) 255 (37) 14
100 (212) 275 (40) 248 (36) 16
150 (300) 235 (34) 193 (28) 24
205 (400) 172 (25) 103 (15) 45
260 (500) 83 (12) 52 (7.5) 80
315 (600) 52 (7.5) 38 (5.5) 110
370 (700) 35 (5) 21 (3.1) 130

Applications of Marine Grade Aluminum 5052

Marine grade aluminum 5052 uses include pressure vessels, fan blades, electronic chassis, electronic panels, tanks, medium-strength sheet metal parts, hydraulic pipes, auto parts, electrical appliances, agricultural applications, construction products, chemical equipment, containers, cooking utensils, fasteners, hardware, highway signs, hospital and medical equipment, kitchen equipment. Ship applications, railway vehicles, automobiles and trailers, etc.

AA 5052 Material Equivalent

AA 5052 material equivalent to European EN (German DIN EN, British BSI EN, France NF EN), ISO, Japanese JIS and Chinese GB standard (for reference).

Notes: DIN 1725-1 has been replaced by DIN EN 573-3.

AA 5052 Aluminium Alloy Equivalent
US European Union Germany China Japan ISO
Standard Grade (UNS) Standard Numerical (Chemical symbols) Standard Aluminium (material number) Standard Grade Standard Grade Standard Grade
ASTM B209,
ASTM B210,
ASTM B211,
ASTM B221,
AMSQQA250/8,
AMSWWT700/4
5052 (UNS A95052) EN 573-3 EN AW-5052
(EN AW-AlMg2,5)
DIN 1725-1 AlMg2,5 (3.3523) GB/T 3190;
GB/T 3880.2
5052 JIS H4000;
JIS H4040
5052 ISO 209 AW-5052

Related materials: Al-6061, AA7075, Aluminum Weight Calculator, Density of Aluminum

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