5083 Aluminum Properties, Alloy 5083 H116 H111 H321

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5083 Aluminum Alloy – Al 5083 H116 H111 H321

5083 aluminum is essentially a non-heat treatable alloy containing 4-4.9% Mg and 0.4-1.0% Mn. It is a relatively inexpensive alloy with moderate strength, excellent cold forming, welding and spot welding properties, and good corrosion resistance. Aluminum alloy 5083 can be processed to moderate superplasticity, this attractive combination of properties has led to the increasing use of its superplastic forming for a range of parts in non-structural applications that do not involve substantial forming strains. Commonly used temper conditions of the alloy include 5083-H116, H321, H111, H112, etc.

5083 Aluminum Properties

The following tables summarize 5083 aluminum properties including chemical composition, physical and mechanical properties, etc.

Chemical Composition

The chemical composition of 5083 aluminum alloy is given in the data sheet below.

Chemical Composition, %
Aluminum Si, ≤ Fe, ≤ Cu, ≤ Mn Mg Cr Zn, ≤ Ti, ≤ Other Elements, Each (Total), ≤ Al
5083 0,40 0,40 0,10 0,40-1,00 4,0-4,9 0,05-0,25 0,25 0,15 0.05 (0.15) Rest

5083 Aluminum Alloy Physical Properties

Aluminum 5083 physical properties are listed in the data sheet below, including the aluminum density, melting point, coefficient of thermal expansion, Young’s modulus, thermal conductivity, specific heat, electrical conductivity, and electrical resistivity, etc.

Note:

  • 10-6·K-1 = 10-6/K = 1 μm/m·°C
  • 1 Ω·mm²/m = 1 μΩ·m
  • 1 g/cm3 = 1 kg/dm3 = 1000 kg/m3
  • 1 GPa = 1 kN/mm2
  • 1 MPa = 1 N/mm2
  • MS/m = 0,58 %IACS
  • 1 cal/(g.C) = 1 Btu/(lb⋅F)
5083-O Aluminum Physical Properties
Density, g/cm3 (lb/in.3) 2.66 (0.096)
Melting point, °C (°F) 580-640 (1095-1180)
Specific heat capacity, J/kg·K (Btu/lb ·°F) 899 (0.215)
Coefficient of thermal expansion, 10-6/K (μin./in. ·°F) 23.8 (13.2) at 20-100 ℃ (68-212 °F)
Thermal conductivity at 25 °C (77 °F),
W/m·°C (BTU∙in/h∙ft²∙°F)
117 (810)
Electrical conductivity at 20 °C (68 °F), MS/m
Equal volume (Equal weight)
17 (57)
Electrical conductivity at 20 °C (68 °F), % IACS
Equal volume (Equal weight)
29 (98)
Electrical resistivity at 20 °C (68 °F).
Ω·mm2/m (Ω· circ mil/ft)
0.059 (36)

5083 Aluminum Mechanical Properties

Aluminum 5083 mechanical properties are listed in the table below, including tensile strength, yield strength, elongation, hardness, etc.

ASTM B209/B209M

5083 aluminum sheet and plate mechanical properties according to ASTM B209/B209M

Aluminium 5083 Mechanical Properties – Plate and Sheet
Standard Aluminum Alloy and Temper Specified Thickness (over-through), in. (mm) Tensile Strength, ksi (MPa) Yield Strength (0.2 % offset), ksi (MPa) Elongation in 2 in. (5mm) or 4xDiameter, ≥, %
ASTM B209/B209M 5083-O 0.05-1.5  (1.2-40) 40-51 (276-352) 18-29 (124-200) 16
1.5-3.0 (40-80) 39-50 (270-345) 17-29 (117-100) 16
3.0-4.0 (80-100) 40-80 (276-550) ≥16 (110) 16
4.0-5.0 (100-120) ≥38 (262) ≥16 (110) 14
5.0-7.0 (120-180) ≥37 (255) ≥15 (103) 14
7.0-8.0 (180-200) ≥36 (248) ≥14 (97) 12
5083-H32 0.125-0.187 (3.2-5.0) 44-56 (303-386) ≥31 (214) 10
0.188-1.500 (5-40) 44-56 (303-386) ≥31 (214) 12
1.5-3.0 (40-80) 41-56 (283-386) ≥29 (200) 12
5083-H112 0.25-1.50 (6.35-38) ≥40 (276) ≥18 (124) 12
1.5-3.0 (30-80) ≥39 (269) ≥17 (117) 12
5083 F 0.25-8 (6.35-203)

ASTM B221

Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminium-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes

Aluminium 5083 Mechanical Properties – Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes
Standard Aluminum Alloy and Temper Product Specified Diameter or Thickness (t), in. (mm) Area, in2 (mm2) Tensile Strength, ksi (MPa) Yield Strength (0.2 % offset), ksi (MPa), ≥ Elongation in 50mm (2 in.) 50 × Diameter (5.56 √A), ≥
ASTM B221 5083-O Wire, Rod, Bar, and Profiles ≤5 (130) ≤32 (20 000) 39-51 (270-350) 16 (110) 14
5083-H111 ≤5 (130) ≤32 (20 000)  ≥40 (275) 24 (165) 12
5083-H112 ≤5 (130) ≤32 (20 000)  ≥39 (270) 16 (110) 12
5083-O Tube <3 (70) ≤32 (20 000) 39-51 (270-350) 16 (110) 14
5083-H111 <3 (70) ≤32 (20 000)  ≥40 (275) 24 (165) 12
5083-H112 <3 (70) ≤32 (20 000)  ≥39 (270) 16 (110) 12

ASTM B241/B241M

ASTM B241/B241M: Aluminium and Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube

Aluminium 5083 Mechanical Properties – Seamless Extruded Tube
Standard Aluminum Alloy and Temper Specified Section or
Wall Thickness, in. (mm)
Area, in.2 (mm2) Tensile Strength, ksi (MPa) Yield Strength (0.2 % offset), ksi (MPa), ≥ Elongation in 2 in. (50mm) or 4 × Diameter, ≥, %
ASTM B241/B241M O all ≤32 (20 000) 39-51 (270-350) 16 (110) 14
5083-H111 all ≤32 (20 000) ≥40 (275) 24 (165) 12
H112 all ≤32 (20 000) ≥39 (270) 16 (110) 12

ASTM B928/B928M

Mechanical properties of high magnesium 5083 aluminum plate and sheet products for marine service and similar environments according to ASTM B928/B928M.

Aluminium 5083 Mechanical Properties – Sheet and Plate Products Elongation ≥, %
Standard Aluminum Alloy and Temper Thickness (Over-Through), in. (mm) Tensile Strength, Mpa (ksi) Yield Strength (0.2 % offset), Mpa (ksi), ≥ in 2 in. (50mm) or 4× Diameter in 5× Diameter
ASTM B928/B928M 5083-H116 0.063-0.5 (1.60-12.5) 44-56 (305-385) 31 (215) 10
0.50-1.25 (12.5-30) 44-56 (305-385) 31 (215) 12 10
1.25-1.50 (30-40) 44-56 (305-385) 31 (215) 12 10
1.50-3.0 (40-80) 41-56 (285-385) 29 (200) 12 10
5083-H321 0.125-0.188 (3.2-5.0) 44-56 (305-385) 31 (215) 10
0.188-0.5 (5.0-12.5) 44-56 (305-385) 31 (215) 12
0.5-1.5 (12.5-40) 44-56 (305-385) 31 (215) 12 10
1.5-3.0 (40-80) 41-56 (285-385) 29 (200) 12 10

Applications

5083 aluminum alloy is suitable for all types of welded assemblies requiring high welding efficiency and maximum joint strength, typical applications include automotive, aircraft and marine components, storage tanks, TV towers, Liquefied Natural Gas tanks, oil tanks, pressure vessels up to 150 °F (65 °C), dump truck bodies, electrical enclosures, sheet metal parts, instruments, rivets and missile parts, etc.

5083 Aluminum Alloy Equivalent Material

AA5083 aluminum alloy equivalent material is listed in the table below including US ASTM, SAE; European EN, ISO, Australian AS/NZS, Japanese JIS and Chinese GB standard.

5083 Aluminum Equivalent Material
US Germany European ISO Japan Australia China
Standard AA (UNS) Standard Aluminium (Material number) Standard Aluminium (Chemical symbol) Standard Aluminum Standard Aluminum Standard Aluminium Standard Aluminum
ASTM B209/B209M 5083 (UNS A95083) DIN 1725-1 AlMg4,5Mn (3.3547) EN 573-3 EN AW-5083
(AlMg4,5Mn0,7)
ISO 6361;
ISO 209
AW-5083 JIS H4000;
JIS H4040
5083 AS 2848.1,
AS/NZS 1734,
AS/NZS 1865,
AS/NZS 1866
5083 GB/T 3190;
GB/T 3880.2
5083

Related Material: Aluminum 6061, Aluminum 7075, 5052 Aluminum, 2024 Aluminium, Aluminum 6063, Aluminium 6060

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