What is 18/8 Stainless Steel Properties, Yield Strength, Composition, Density, Tensile Strength, Hardness
What is 18/8 Stainless Steel
18/8 stainless steel refers to the chemical composition of stainless steel containing 18% chromium (Cr) and 8% nickel (Ni), especially type 304 stainless steel (UNS 30400), also including AISI 304L, 304N, 304H. 18/8 steel is the most widely used material in stainless steel, has excellent corrosion resistance in mild environments, and has good weldability and mechanical properties.
Datasheet & Specification
The tables below list the datasheet and specification including chemical composition and properties. For full datasheet and specification, please view AISI 304 grade stainless steel.
18-8 stainless steel composition is given in table below.
|Chemical Composition, %|
|ASTM||AISI (UNS)||C, ≤||Si, ≤||Mn, ≤||P, ≤||S, ≤||Cr||Ni||N, ≤||Product|
|ASTM A240/A240M||304 (UNS S30400)||0.07||0.75||2.00||0.045||0.030||17.5-19.5||8.0-10.5||0.10||Plate, Sheet, and Strip|
|ASTM A276A/276M||0.08||1.00||2.00||0.045||0.030||18.0-20.0||8.0-11.0||–||Bars and Shapes|
18/8 Stainless Steel Properties
The following table shows 18/8 stainless steel properties including mechanical properties and physical properties.
The tables below list 18-8 stainless steel mechanical properties including yield strength, tensile strength, elongation and hardness, etc.
|ASTM Type||AISI (UNS)||Tensile Strength, (MPa), ≥||Yield Strength, ≥ (MPa) at 0.2% Offset||Elongation in 50 mm (%, ≥)||Reduction of Area, %, ≥||Brinell Hardness, (HBW) ≤||Rockwell Hardness, (HRBW) ≤||Product||Condition|
|ASTM A240/A240M||304 (UNS S30400)||515||205||40||–||201||92||Plate, Sheet, and Strip||–|
|ASTM A276A/276M||515||205||40||50||–||–||Bars and Shapes||Hot finished|
|620||310||30||40||–||–||Cold finished, Dia ≤ 12.7mm|
|515||205||30||40||–||–||Cold finished, Dia. > 12.7mm|
18-8 stainless steel properties – physical properties including density, melting point, magnetic, specific heat capacity, electrical resistivity, modulus of elasticity (elastic modulus), thermal diffusivity, thermal conductivity and coefficient of thermal expansion.
- 1 g/cm3 = 1 kg/dm3 = 1000 kg/m3;
- 1 μΩ·m = 1 Ω·mm²/m
- 1 GPa = 1 kN/mm2
|Melting point||1398-1454 ℃ (2550-2650 °F)|
|Magnetic permeability||1.02 (Approximate)|
|Specific heat capacity, J/(Kg·K)||500 (0-100 ℃)|
|Electrical resistivity, μΩ·m||0,73 (20 ℃)|
|Modulus of elasticity (Elastic modulus), Gpa||193 GPa (28×106 psi)|
|Thermal diffusivity, mm2/s||3.84 (20-100 ℃)|
|Thermal conductivity (W/m·K)||16.3 at 100 ℃ (212 °F)|
|21.5 at 500 ℃ (932 °F)|
|Mean coefficient of thermal expansion, (10-6/K)||17.2 at 0-100 ℃ (32-212 °F)|
|17.8 at 0-315 ℃ (32-600 °F)|
|18.4 at 0-538 ℃ (32-1000 °F)|
18/8 stainless steel is widely used in petroleum & chemical industry, metallurgical machinery, aerospace industry, food processing equipment, instruments, household appliances and hardware manufacturing industries.
18/8 steel is made into a great many intermediate products such as steel sheet & plate, steel tube & pipe, steel bar & flat, rod & wire, etc.
Final products such as all kinds of kitchen ware, tableware, medical device, machinery and parts, wire mesh, filter, architectural and decorative metal products, etc.
For more information about 18/8 steel, please refer to AISI 304 stainless steel.
|18-8 stainless steel equivalent grade|
|Standard||Type||Standard||Grade (Steel Number)||Standard||Grade (ISO Number)||Standard||Grade||Standard||Grade||Standard||Grade||Standard||Grade||Standard||Grade||Standard||Grade|
|EN 10088-1; EN 10088-2; EN 10088-3||X5CrNi18-10 (1.4301)||ISO 15510||X5CrNi18-10||JIS G4303; JIS G4304; JIS G4305;||SUS304||GB/T 20878;|
06Cr19Ni10 (New designation)
022Cr19Ni10 (New name)