Q195 Steel Chemical Composition, Mechanical Properties, Specification and Equivalent

Q195 Steel Properties and Introduction

Q195 steel is a Chinese plain carbon structural steel, yield strength: 195 MPa, tensile strength: 315-430 MPa, material density: 7.85 g/cm3. “Q” is the first letter of Chinese spelling of “qu fu dian”, the translation is “Yield Point” or “Yield Strength”, “195” is indicates the unit value “195 MPa”. Datasheet is tested with 16mm thickness steel bars or steel plates.

The latest standard of Q195 steel is GB/T 700 – 2006, for chemical composition, mechanical properties and equivalent, please see the following tables.

Q195 Material Features and Applications

Q195 material has high plasticity, toughness and weldability, good pressure and processability, but low strength. It has many uses, such as the manufacture of wire rods, steel plates. Wire rods can be cold drawn into low carbon steel wires, then to make black or galvanized iron wire, tie wire, welded wire mesh, wire fence, and many more; Cold and hot-rolled steel sheets are widely used in roofing panels, decorative panels, packaging containers, iron drums, instrument cases, switch boxes, protective covers, etc.

Other applications includes making steel pipes, steel angle, anchor bolts, chimneys, roofing slabs, rivets, tie rods, hooks, brackets, welded structures, etc.

The following tables show Q195 steel specification and equivalent

Q195 Steel Chemical Composition

Chemical Composition %
Steel Grade C (≤) Si (≤) Mn (≤) P (≤) S (≤) Deoxidation Method
Q195 0.12 0.30 0.50 0.035 0.040 Rimmed / Killed

Q195 Steel Mechanical Property

Q195 Mechanical Properties
Steel Grade Yield Strength Tensile Strength Elongation % (Ø ≤40mm)
Ø ≤16mm 16mm < Ø ≤60mm
Q195 195 N/mm2 185 N/mm2 315 to 430 N/mm2 33

1 MPa = 1 N/mm2; Ø = Wire Diameter or Thickness

Bending Test Results

Grade Sample Orientation Cold Bending Test 180° (B=2a)
Diameter of Curve Center (Steel Ø ≤ 25mm)
Q195 Vertical 0
Horizontal 0.5a

Notes: B=Sample Steel Width; a=Sample Diameter or Thickness

Q195 Steel Equivalent

Q195 steel equivalent to US ASTM, European EN (Germany DIN, Britain BS EN, France NF EN), Japan JIS, and ISO Standards.

You may also be interested in Q195 vs Q215, Q235 and Q275 Steel

Q195 Equivalent (For Reference)
China USA Germany Japanese UK France ISO
Standard Grade Standard Grade Standard Grade Standard Grade Standard Grade Standard Grade Grade
GB/T 700 Q195 ASTM A283/A283m – 03 A283 Gr.B
A283 Gr.C
DIN EN 10225;
DIN 17100
S185, (1.0035);
St 33
JIS G3101;
JIS G3131
BS 970-1;
BS EN 10025
S185, (1.0035)
NF EN 10025;
NF A35-501
S185, (1.0035);

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