Q195 Steel Chemical Composition, Mechanical Properties, Specification and Equivalent


Q195 Steel Properties and Introduction

Q195 steel is a Chinese plain carbon structural steel, yield strength: 195 MPa, tensile strength: 315-430 MPa, material density: 7.85 g/cm3. “Q” is the first letter of Chinese spelling of “qu fu dian”, the translation is “Yield Point” or “Yield Strength”, “195” is indicates the unit value “195 MPa”. Datasheet is tested with 16mm thickness steel bars or steel plates.

The latest standard of Q195 steel is GB/T 700 – 2006, for chemical composition, mechanical properties and equivalent, please see the following tables.

Q195 Material Features and Applications

Q195 material has high plasticity, toughness and weldability, good pressure and processability, but low strength. It has many uses, such as the manufacture of wire rods, steel plates. Wire rods can be cold drawn into low carbon steel wires, then to make black or galvanized iron wire, tie wire, welded wire mesh, wire fence, and many more; Cold and hot-rolled steel sheets are widely used in roofing panels, decorative panels, packaging containers, iron drums, instrument cases, switch boxes, protective covers, etc.

Other applications includes making steel pipes, steel angle, anchor bolts, chimneys, roofing slabs, rivets, tie rods, hooks, brackets, welded structures, etc.

The following tables show Q195 steel specification and equivalent

Q195 Steel Chemical Composition

Chemical Composition %
Steel Grade C (≤) Si (≤) Mn (≤) P (≤) S (≤) Deoxidation Method
Q195 0.12 0.30 0.50 0.035 0.040 Rimmed / Killed

Q195 Steel Mechanical Property

Q195 Mechanical Properties
Steel Grade Yield Strength Tensile Strength Elongation % (Ø ≤40mm)
Ø ≤16mm 16mm < Ø ≤60mm
Q195 195 N/mm2 185 N/mm2 315 to 430 N/mm2 33

1 MPa = 1 N/mm2; Ø = Wire Diameter or Thickness

Bending Test Results

Grade Sample Orientation Cold Bending Test 180° (B=2a)
Diameter of Curve Center (Steel Ø ≤ 25mm)
Q195 Vertical 0
Horizontal 0.5a

Notes: B=Sample Steel Width; a=Sample Diameter or Thickness

Q195 Steel Equivalent

Q195 steel equivalent to US ASTM, European EN (Germany DIN, Britain BS EN, France NF EN), Japan JIS, and ISO Standards.

You may also be interested in Q195 vs Q215, Q235 and Q275 Steel

Q195 Equivalent (For Reference)
China USA Germany Japanese UK France ISO
Standard Grade Standard Grade Standard Grade Standard Grade Standard Grade Standard Grade Grade
GB/T 700 Q195 ASTM A283/A283m – 03 A283 Gr.B
A283 Gr.C
DIN EN 10225;
DIN 17100
S185, (1.0035);
St 33
JIS G3101;
JIS G3131
BS 970-1;
BS EN 10025
S185, (1.0035)
NF EN 10025;
NF A35-501
S185, (1.0035);
  1. Billy says

    Dear Sir

    I have a question about the chemical composition percent for Q195 steel.
    Inside Q195 steel is:
    Carbon (C ) 0.12%
    Silicon (Si) 0.30%
    Manganese (Mn) 0.50%
    Phosphorous (P) 0.035%
    Sulfur (S) 0.04%
    Total 0.995%

    100% – 0.995% = 99.005 percent remainder
    What material is the remainder 99.005 % made of? Is it 99.005% Iron (Fe) ?

    Thank you

    1. World Material says

      Yes, it’s correct, the remainder of materiel is Iron (Fe), thanks for your comment.

  2. Mithilesh Singh says

    we required the following material-
    Steel wire (Dia – 1.8 to 2.5 mm) Galvanized spring steel wire

    1. World Material says

      Hi, we don’t sell steel products, and Q195 can’t be used for spring steel wire, for spring steel wire, you should use high carbon steel, such as 65, 65Mn, 70, 70Mn, 1065, 1075, 1095, etc.

  3. BURHAN says


    Kindly us quote for
    Rolling mill is model 1580, mainly rolling 1250 width hot rolled coil plate,
    cis — slab, material Q195, Q235, SPHC, thickness of 200 ~ 230mm, width of 1010 ~ 1260mm, length of 8 ~ 10 meters. ,
    With Products complete specifications
    Quantity : BULK
    Delivery terms / time
    Payments terms
    Destination China
    Price : CIF CHINA
    Shipment from
    Certificate of origin: UAE

    We look forward to a wonderful relationship together and success for all concerned.

    Thanks & Regards

  4. Laurent says

    Thanks for the great information, do you know Youngs Modulus of Q195?

  5. khadeer says

    dear sir,
    what are the chemical composition for 16mm ms wire rod for bolt manufacturing

  6. Mark Rawls says

    Is there an index to follow Q195 steel prices? A website?
    Thank you for your help,

    1. TedjAni says

      What the best wire rod for bolt grade 4.8

  7. Nadiya Puha says

    What is the cleanliness class of the wire?
    Its critical to know, as the wire we are looking for will be galvanized

  8. Linda says

    I’m in Vietnam,
    I need to buy Q195 tickneed 3mm, 2mm, 6mm·

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