Table of Contents
DIN EN 1.4034 Stainless Steel X46Cr13 Material
X46Cr13 material (DIN EN 1.4034 stainless steel) is a European EN standard martensitic stainless steel. It has good polishing and mechanical properties, but poor weldability. Due to its higher carbon content than 1.4031 (X39Cr13), the steel is harder than 1.4031. 1.4034 steel has good corrosion resistance in non-chloride media and weak organic acids and bases.
Datasheet & Specification
The following tables and lists give the stainless steel 1.4034 datasheet and specification including chemical composition, physical properties and mechanical properties, heat treatment, welding, etc.
DIN EN X46Cr13 material chemical composition is listed in the following table based on cast analysis.
|Chemical Composition, %|
|Country (Region)||Standard||Steel Grade (Steel Number)||C||Si, ≤||Mn, ≤||P, ≤||S, ≤||Cr|
|European Union||EN 10088-2;
- EN 10088-2: Technical delivery conditions for stainless steel sheet/plate and strip of corrosion resisting steels for general purposes;
- EN 10088-3: Technical delivery conditions for semi-finished stainless steel products, bars, rods, wire, sections and bright products of corrosion resisting steels for general purposes.
DIN 1.4034 stainless steel physical properties are given in the following lists, including density, thermal expansion, elastic modulus, thermal conductivity, specific heat capacity and electrical resistance.
- 10-6·K-1 = 10-6/K
- 1 Ω·mm²/m = 1 μΩ·m
- 1 g/cm3 = 1 kg/dm3 = 1000 kg/m3
- 1 GPa = 1 kN/mm2
- 1 MPa = 1 N/mm2
|Electrical resistivity, μΩ·m||0,55 (20 °C)|
|Specific heat capacity, J/(kg·K)||460 (20 °C)|
|Thermal conductivity, (W/m·K)||30 (20 °C)|
|Modulus of elasticity, Gpa||215 (20 °C)|
|212 (100 °C)|
|205 (200 °C)|
|200 (300 °C)|
|190 (400 °C)|
|Mean coefficient of thermal expansion, (10-6/K)||10,5 (20-100 °C)|
|11,0 (20-200 °C)|
|11,5 (20-300 °C)|
|12,0 (20-400 °C)|
EN 1.4034 steel mechanical properties at room temperature are listed in the following tables.
|Mechanical properties (heat-treated) in conditions 1C, 1E, 1D, 1X, 1G and 2D|
|Country (Region)||Standard||Steel Grade (Steel Number)||Diameter (d) or Thickness (t) in mm||Heat-treatment condition||Hardness (HB), ≤||0.2% yield strength (MPa), ≥||Tensile strength (MPa)||Elongation, % (long.)||Impact energy, KV2, J (long.), ≥|
|European Union||EN 10088-3||X46Cr13 (1.4034)||–||Annealed||245||–||≤800||–||–|
|≤160||Quenched + Tempered 800||–||650||800-1000||10||12|
|Mechanical properties for bright bars a at room temperature of heat-treated steel in conditions 2H, 2B, 2G or 2P|
|Country (Region)||Standard||Steel Grade (Steel Number)||Diameter (d) or Thickness (t) in mm||Annealed||Quenched + Tempered|
|Tensile strength (MPa), ≤||Hardness (HB), ≤||Heat-treatment condition||0.2% yield strength (MPa), ≥||Tensile strength (MPa)||Elongation (≥ 5mm), % (long.)||Impact energy, KV2, J (long.), ≥|
|European Union||EN 10088-3||X46Cr13 (1.4034)||≤ 10||950||305||Quenched + Tempered 850||700||900-1150||7||–|
|10 < t ≤ 16||950||305||700||900-1150||7||–|
|16 <t ≤ 40||900||280||650||850-1100||8||12|
|40 < t ≤ 63||840||260||650||850-1100||8||12|
|63 < t ≤ 160||800||245||650||850-1100||10||12|
|Mechanical properties in the heat-treated condition|
|Country (Region)||Standard||Steel Grade (Steel Number)||Product form||Thickness (mm), ≤||Heat treatment condition||HRB Hardness, ≤||HBW or HV Hardness, ≤||Tensile strength (MPa)||Elongation after fracture (%), ≥, (long. + tr.)||HRC Hardness||HV Hardness|
|European Union||DIN EN 10088-2||X46Cr13 (1.4034)||Cold rolled strip||3||+QT||–||–||–||–||49-55||510-610|
|Cold rolled strip||8||+A||99||245||≤780||12||–||–|
|Hot rolled plate||13,5|
|Mechanical properties at room temperature of annealed wire in 2D condition|
|Country (Region)||Standard||Steel Grade (Steel Number)||Dimension, d (mm)||Tensile strength (MPa), ≤||Elongation, %|
|European Union||EN 10088-3||X46Cr13 (1.4034)||5,00<d≤16,00||950||15|
The following is material 1.4034 stainless steel heat treatment, such as hot forming, annealing, quenching, tempering.
|Standard||Designation (Steel number)||Hot forming||Heat treatment||Annealing||Quenching||Tempering Temperature, °C|
|Temperature, °C||Type of cooling||Temperature, °C||Type of cooling||Temperature, °C||Type of cooling|
|DIN EN 10088-2||X46Cr13 (1.4034)||1100 to 800||slow cooling||Annealed||730 to 790||–||–||–|
|+QT850||–||–||1000 to 1100||oil, air||200 to 350|
|DIN EN 10088-3||Annealed||750 to 850||furnace, air||–||–||–|
|+QT850||–||–||950 to 1050||oil, air||650 to 700|
Due to the high carbon content, 1.4034 is not suitable for welding. If welding cannot be avoided, preheat to 350 °C-400 °C and post heat treatment temperature is about 650 °C.
(PREN = 12,5-14,5)
DIN EN 1.4034 is not resistant to intergranular corrosion upon delivery. It has good corrosion resistance in non-chloride and acid-base environments; polished surface under tempered condition have good corrosion resistance; in order to maintain good corrosion resistance, it is not recommended to be used in annealed or high temperature conditions.
Use & Application
Hardened steel for cutting tools, table knives, machine knives, razors, scissors and measuring tools, ball bearings, skates, etc.
1.4034 Stainless Steel Equivalent
Material X46Cr13, DIN 1.4034 stainless steel equivalent to US ASTM AISI SAE, ISO, European (German DIN, British BSI, France NF), Japanese JIS and Chinese GB standard (for reference).
|X46Cr13 (1.4034) material equivalent|
|Standard||Steel Name (Material Number)||Standard||Grade (UNS)||Standard||Grade (ISO number )||Standard||Grade (UNS)||Standard||Grade|
ASTM A276/A276M; ASTM A959
|420 (UNS S42000)||ISO 15510||X46Cr13 (4034-420-00-I)||GB/T 1220;
|3Cr13; 30Cr13 (new designation) (S42030)||JIS G4303;